Reuters on Sunday published a report: “Fed up Canada tells US to help with China crisis or forget about favors.” Canada was leaning on the US “to help settle a dispute with China, which has started to block imports of vital Canadian commodities amid a dispute over a detained Huawei executive,” the report said.

Why have China-Canada relations become more and more tense? This is because Canada has become the US pawn in Washington’s political struggle against Beijing. China has warned Canada of serious consequences if Canada insists on its mistakes. Since Canada has been acting according to US strategy and helping the US oppose China, how can Ottawa expect Beijing to approve?

It seems that Canada failed to understand the grim situation. The truth is Canada may lose both China and the US in the end. In the Reuters report, a Canadian government source said: “It’s a very challenging situation. When we raise it with the Americans they just say, ‘Dealing with the Chinese is tough.'”

Ottawa now seems disappointed at the lackluster US response and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government even signaled that it could “withhold cooperation on major issues” with the US, according to the Reuters report. However, Ottawa should have realized long ago that Washington is not a completely trustworthy friend.

Trapped in a dilemma, some Canadians are accusing China of starting a new cold war. This is completely wrong. The US, not China, is the country that tends to launch a comprehensive cold war. Since Canada is an ally of the US, it naturally stands with the US.

A new cold war may not happen in the globalization era. Today China’s economic cooperation, personnel exchanges and cultural communication with the US and Canada far surpass those in the Cold War era. Canada should make it clear: Ottawa and Beijing are not in a new cold war. China will undoubtedly take actions if Canada blindly follows the US lead and harms China’s interests. This is the reality that Canada needs to see clearly.

On this matter, Canada has been acting like a vassal state of the US, not an independent country. Ottawa will pay the price if it follows Washington and swims against the tide of globalization. As it already had disputes with China, Canada needs to adopt more independent diplomacy and cautiously rethink its relations with China and its alliance with the US.

The current China-Canada relations benefit both countries and further developing their relationship is also in line with their mutual benefits.

The hard-won China-Canada relations today need to be treasured.

A keynote speech made by Liu Yadong, editor-in-chief of Science and Technology Daily, at a science communication salon last week has sparked heated discussions online. Liu highlighted the widening technological gap between China and western developed countries. He stressed that while some Chinese have been bragging about China’s technological achievements, the country is actually standing on the shoulders of giants.

Liu pointed out that China’s technological achievements had long been predated and its major technological projects conquered by other countries. The editor-in-chief criticized a penchant for boasting and exaggeration in China’s technological field and blamed the public for intensifying this trend. Liu’s speech immediately went viral online and has been widely supported. Many people praised Liu for his courage to speak the truth.

Liu’s speech is representative of a domestic introspection on China’s capability, triggered by the Sino-US trade war and Washington’s ban on China’s telecommunication giant ZTE. While netizens had been proud of China’s technological achievements, the internet has seethed with frustrated sentiments since the ban on ZTE. A technology insider criticizing the exaggeration of China’s technological achievements comes at just the right time.

Firstly, such a criticism is needed to remind Chinese to stay modest. This is beneficial to China’s rise and will help Chinese society remain down to earth.

Secondly, China should judge itself and the world with objectivity, which is not an easy job. Chinese society, including scholars, tends to be either conceited or self-abasing. From a political perspective, encouraging society to be more confident and advocating self-criticism has their respective benefits, and thus seeking truth from facts is a dynamic and sophisticated process.

Thirdly, two facts need be acknowledged regarding China’s technological development. On the one hand, China has indeed made rapid progress. This, together with the comprehensiveness of China’s industrial sectors and technological development, has made the West feel a sense of crisis. But on the other, there is a huge gap between China and the US, which requires generations of arduous efforts to overcome.

Fourthly, the above two aspects, that China’s technological achievements have been predated and Chinese are overconfident about the technological advancements, should be fully recognized. The widespread support Liu received reflects that Chinese society has a collective consciousness of intensifying introspection and staying modest.

Fifthly, certain professors have been harshly denounced for bragging about China’s economic, technological and comprehensive strength. This proves that boasting about China’s achievements, compared with exaggerating the country’s gap with the US, is more unaccepted in Chinese society.

Sixthly, voices that China will surpass the West and eventually pose a subversive threat are frequently heard in the US and Europe. This means the sense of crisis is stimulating and motivating society in different countries. International competition is, to some extent, sentimental.

Seventhly, in the era of change, anxieties and a lack of confidence are widely seen in the world, including China. Prudence is needed in boosting citizens’ confidence. Otherwise, negative effects may be exerted, be it domestically or abroad.

China is a super society with unbalanced development, and it’s hard to compare its technological development with that of the West’s. Keeping a positive attitude domestically and overcoming international barriers is perhaps the most important goal.

Delegates from China and the US engaged in a new round of trade talks in Beijing this weekend to materialize the consensus reached by both sides in Washington last month. A statement said positive and concrete progress has been made in fields including agriculture and energy.

The on-again, off-again trade disputes have had a significant impact on both countries as well as the global market. We have experienced intensifying trade rows, the US playing around with punitive tariffs and China striking powerful counterblows.

We have also seen both sides finding common ground, formulating a framework of agreement and US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross coming to China for further negotiations. Finally there is a growing possibility that reason is taking the upper hand.

Note that the US still clings to the idea of threatening China with punitive tariffs. A statement from the White House on May 29 says the US will impose a 25 percent tariff on $50 billion worth of goods imported from China containing industrially significant technology. The final list will be announced June 15. The backtracking statement, released after both countries approved a framework agreement and the US agreed to put a hold on a trade war, shows Washington’s capriciousness and unpredictability.

Such fickleness suggests that the trade disputes may be protracted. Given the US may change its mind and make new requests from time to time, it is difficult for both sides to nail down a consistent trade pact and stabilize their trade relationship.

The trade disputes have posed a grim challenge to China. The back-and-forth of conflicts and talks may become a new landscape for Beijing and Washington. It is imperative China keep up its own pace of development.

China should increasingly improve the alignment of opening-up and reform with the people’s growing demand for better livelihoods and the need for more imports. Beijing should follow a two-point principle in dealing with trade disputes with the US: On the one hand, China welcomes it if the US wants to partner China in achieving economic growth, but in increasing imports from the US China should not be treated as submissive. On the other, China won’t tolerate the US interfering with or surpressing China’s development for selfish purposes.

The Washington consensus has created great potential for reciprocal cooperation between China and the US. The businesses of both countries are looking at a big cake. It is a win-win approach to achieve consensus for the benefit of both countries and peoples.

Ross’ visit gives a push for the better, but it is not enough. The US swings in policymaking as it still has an insatiable desire for more perks and benefits. The US should know it is delusional not to play by the rules.

If the US reneges on its promise and restarts the trade war, all the agreements will come to nothing. The big cake will vanish as well.

The US should know well what it truly wants. More tariffs or more exports: it cannot have both. The trade negotiations must produce a solution for mutual benefits instead of tilting in favor of the US.

Let’s hope Ross’ visit will bring the US more realistic insights and a stronger commitment to carrying out the Washington consensus.

Chinese aircraft including H-6K bombers and fighter jets flew around Taiwan recently after passing over the Bashi Channel and Miyako Strait, according to the People’s Liberation Army Air Force. Wu Qian, Chinese defense ministry spokesman, warned if Taiwan independence forces continue to wantonly take rash actions, the PLA will take further steps.

The live-fire exercises in the Taiwan Straits and the flights around Taiwan conducted by the PLA to specifically target Taiwan independence forces in recent days have shocked the island. Still some separatists attempted to embolden themselves by hyping their US support.

It was reported by Taiwan media on Wednesday that a pair of US B-52 bombers flew within 250 kilometers of Guangdong Province’s coastline in South China. Taiwanese media outlets hyped the flight route as indicating the bombers could have been involved in a mock attack of launching cruise missiles that could reach the mainland.

However, both the Pentagon and US media made no mention of the flight by press time. The Taiwan independence forces had better abandon their dream that the US can protect them. Military competition between the mainland and the US in the West Pacific is not all about Taiwan. The only way for Taiwan separatists to preserve their safety is to mind their words and deeds.

The defense ministry announced Thursday that the Dongfeng-26 ballistic missile has been commissioned into the PLA Rocket Force. The new medium- and long-range ballistic missile will serve for both nuclear and conventional precision strikes, against targets on land and in the sea. It’s a new weapon to strengthen PLA deterrence. The Taiwan independence forces should carefully study the strategic impact of this missile on the Taiwan Straits situation.

The mounting military pressure against Taiwan independence forces is a response to the escalation of their separatist activities. The Democratic Progressive Party is keen to woo the US to get more involved in the Taiwan question. As a result, the PLA will build up its preparations for military conflicts.

The Taiwan question will not easily become a military showdown. But the activity of the Taiwan independence forces will intensify military wrestling, lead to military confrontation and disputes, even a crisis. Taiwan will finally find that with the mainland and the US turning Taiwan into a focus of their competition, the island will slip into a powder barrel.

Mainland military aircraft will fly closer and closer to Taiwan and in the end fly above the island. If the Taiwan authorities openly promote the “Taiwan independence” policy and cut off all official contacts with the mainland, the mainland will deem Taiwan a hostile regime and has endless means to deal with it.

The US cannot prevent the mainland exerting military pressure on Taiwan. If Taiwanese society is willing to support Taiwan independence forces at any cost, they can take the plunge. But the Taiwan authorities should assess whether the Taiwanese public is willing to pay the price.

The mainland’s flights and live-fire exercises are a clear warning to Taiwan independence forces. It’s unknown whether the two B-52 bombers really flew close to the mainland. Even if they did, two B-52 bombers are far from enough to deter the mainland. But the actions taken by the PLA have changed many people’s expectations on how the Taiwan question will be solved. This is just a start.

How to fight the trade war with the US has been a realistic subject for China. We hold that China should conduct more social mobilization to better inform the public of the trade war and obtain their support so that we can stay strong in action and mentality throughout the trade war.

Above all, we have to realize that the trade war is unavoidable and won’t be ended in a brief period. Its pace may change, but the US won’t alter its intention to contain China’s rise in a short span of time or its urge to economically attack China. This cannot be resolved simply by China’s efforts to keep a low profile and adjust its diplomatic and public opinion posturing.

While getting mentally ready, we need to figure out how to handle the trade war.

First of all, an objective assessment of where China and the US stand is needed. We have to admit the US’ advantage in strength and meanwhile not exaggerate the gap between the two sides. Beijing and Washington don’t tactically differ much in their initiatives. China promises to not fire the first shot due to its attitude for international trade, not because it is the passive side.

Besides, some are concerned that while the Donald Trump administration attempts to impose tariffs on as much as $200 billion in Chinese products and US goods exports to China stand at just over $130 billion, China seems to have no tools with which to hit back. This is a huge misconception. The tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese goods are meant to be a bluff. What decides the outcome of a trade war is not only the size and quantity of measures, but the scope of how heavy these measures can be.

How to fight the trade war with the Trump administration should be the task of professionals in the Chinese government. Specific measures cannot always be discussed in advance, otherwise it will diminish their intended effects.

The Trump administration has rhetorically blamed China for its huge trade deficit and bragged that it would win the trade war. However, trade is essentially a mutually beneficial and fair move. Slashing the trade deficit blindly may backfire. While the Trump team boasts of punishing China at their will, inwardly they would rather China give up resistance as early as possible.

The trade war hurts both China and the US. China must make resolute strategy from the very beginning to maximize its impact on the US and resilience here at home. It needs to overwhelm the US with capability and willpower to make Washington compromise.

So far, the Trump administration has been telling the US society that the US will win easily while the Chinese side has kept reminding the public that the trade war will harm both sides. Against this backdrop, arrogant Washington has created tremendous strategic risks for itself.

After a full-fledged trade war starts, China will likely find losses lower than expected while the US will be shocked by unexpected real losses since Trump has been blustering that the US would prevail. China has to play hardball and knock the Trump administration forcibly out of its dream to conquer us.

Since the founding of India, the country has been longing to become a major global power. The pursuit of dominance in the Indian Ocean is vital to its great power dream.

However, some Indian people, especially Indian journalists, have a bad habit – taking the so-called China threat theory as its excuse to develop India’s military strength.

Bloomberg published on Monday a report written by an Indian correspondent, saying the Indian government “seeks to buy $2.2 billion in warships.” The author explained it is a part of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s $250 billion military modernization plan to arm the country “when it faces threats in its maritime waters from its neighbor China.” By “threats” he means “Beijing has in the past sent its warships to the Indian Ocean region.” The article was soon republished by several India media.

However, Beijing has sent its warships to not only the Indian Ocean, but also quite a few others places, including the Gulf of Aden and the Caribbean. Such activities are welcomed by many countries along the routes, including small countries. Yet only India, a country with strong national strength, deems them as a threat.

The Indian Ocean is one of the main trade routes linking China and Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Substantial quantities of China’s imports of energy and raw materials are transported through the Indian Ocean. But the safety of the waters is not always well maintained. The presence of the Chinese navy there not only protects Chinese merchant vessels but also provides security for other countries, such as cracking down on piracy and offering disaster relief.

In December 2014, a fire broke out at a water treatment plant in the Maldives. “About 100,000 residents in Male lost access to potable water,” the BBC reported. China sent not only planes with tons of fresh water to the country, but also the rescue ship Changxingdao of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy to provide fresh water to Male residents through the ship-borne sea water desalination units.

China’s national defense policy is purely defensive in nature. It has never once stationed large-scale troops on other countries’ soil as certain Western powers do.

There are, indeed, divergences between Beijing and New Delhi over border disputes. But both sides have shown willingness to resolve them through negotiations. Communications are taking place from time to time. No cross-border conflicts had been reported for a long time.

But some Indian reporters tend to make a fuss about the so-called China threat theory for commercial interests by exaggerating certain officials’ vigilance against Beijing.

For example, Press Trust of India quoted Indian Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba in March as saying “China’s growing presence in the northern part of the Indian Ocean is a challenge to India.”

China welcomes competition from India. But the latter should not compete by hyping up anti-China nationalism. China welcomes India to boost its military power. But Indian media should be aware that India’s real challenges are its laggard military technologies, severe dependence on foreign imports of weapons and incomplete industrialization and modernization, rather than the “threat” from China, a fabricated excuse.

The White House confirmed Wednesday that Turkey would be excluded from NATO’s F-35 stealth fighter jet program after it purchased a Russian missile defense system in defiance of warnings from Westernallies.

“Unfortunately, Turkey’s decision to purchase Russian S-400 air defense systems renders its continued involvement with the F-35 impossible,” White House spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham said in a statement.

The US-made F-35 Joint Strike Fighter “cannot coexist with a Russian intelligence collection platform that will be used to learn about its advanced capabilities,” she added.

Turkey’s foreign ministry termed the move “unfair,” saying in a statement that “this one-sided step neither complies with the spirit of alliance nor is it based on legitimate reasons.”

Grisham said that Washington had made “multiple” offers of its own Patriot missile defense system to Turkey, but Ankara went ahead and acquired the S-400, running counter to a NATO pledge to avoid adopting Russian systems.

“This will have detrimental impacts on Turkish interoperability with the alliance,” she said.

Grisham added that the United States “still greatly values” its strategic relationship with Ankara and would “continue to cooperate with Turkey extensively, mindful of constraints due to the presence of the S-400 system in Turkey.”

The announcement came five days after Turkey began taking delivery of the Russian missile system, shrugging off two years of warnings from the United States and other NATO allies that it could imperil their relationship.

The US action will lock out a number of Turkish manufacturers that were producing parts and components for the F-35, and block Turkey’s plans to purchase about 100 of the advanced fighters.

On Tuesday, President Donald Trump declined to criticize Turkey for the S-400 purchase, falsely charging that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was unfairly forced into the move by his White House predecessor Barack Obama.

“I’ve had a good relationship with President Erdogan,” Trump told journalists.

The Russian Defense Ministry on Sunday confirmed that it continued to deliver batches of S-400 air defense system components to Turkey.

“On July 14, 2019, as part of the fulfillment of contractual obligations, the aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Defense Ministry carried out the regular delivery of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile system to Turkey,” the ministry said in a handout to Xinhua.

It added that the delivery was carried out in strict accordance with the terms of the existing contract and within the time limits agreed by the two sides.

Earlier in the day, the Turkish Defense Ministry said on Twitter that the fifth, sixth and seventh shipments of S-400 items from the Russian side had been delivered as planned.

The Turkish side has been receiving batches of the system’s components for the past few days and implied that the deliveries would continue despite Washington’s threats of punitive measures.

The United States warned previously that it might deny Turkey the purchase of F-35 fighter jets if the latter proceeds with the S-400 deal.

According to the Turkish Defense Ministry, the deployment of S-400 missile systems is likely to begin in October.

The S-400 air defense system, the most advanced of its kind in Russia, is designed to defeat a wide range of modern and prospective air attack weapons in conditions of intensive radio resistance. It is capable of destroying targets at a distance of up to 400 km and a height of up to 30 km.

The detector of dark matter is installed in the underground lab. Photo: screenshot of video posted by Sichuan Daily

The world’s deepest underground lab designed to detect dark matter in Langzhong, Southwest China’s Sichuan Province will receive new equipment, which is one of the most important science and technology infrastructure projects of the country.

A ceremony was held on Saturday in a tunnel at Jinping Mountain, the Xinhua News Agency reported.

Researchers said the world’s deepest and China’s first dark matter lab sits 2,400 meters below Jinping Mountain, the equivalent to the height of five Oriental Pearl Radio and TV towers.

An online video produced by Sichuan Daily revealed that the Jinping Underground Laboratory is over 300 square meters.

The extreme depth allows for a thick layer of rock to shield the lab and facilities from cosmic rays, Sichuan Radio and Television (SRT) reported.

Jing Mingkun, a researcher at the lab, told SRT the facility would hardly be affected by radiation since the mountain can protect it from high-energy cosmic ray.

The facility to detect and study dark matter is located at the center of the lab and protected with shielding systems, according to Sichuan Daily.

Once the rays are shielded, researchers are able to study dark matter, which would be similar to hearing the voice of a radio announcer when other noise is blocked out, Jing explained.

Due to the extreme difficulty, dark matter has yet to be detected, Jing explained.

Chen Yang, a professor at the school of astronomy and space sciences at Nanjing University, told the Global Times that detecting matter from outer space in the lab has a huge advantage as the earth’s surface can absorb and filter noise.

“A Japanese Nobel laureate detected a kind of matter from the supernova in 1987 in an old underground mine,” Chen said and explained that if the facility can detect dark matter, it would be a significant achievement.

“Detecting dark matter is very difficult. Current detectors can only catch rays sent by dark matter,” Chen said.

After completing the project, the lab will offer an environment with near-zero cosmic rays, so it could become a global center for physical research and attract international science experts, the SRT report said.

Puerto Rico’s embattled governor Ricardo Rossello announced his resignation late Wednesday following two weeks of massive protests triggered by the release of a text exchange in which he and others mocked gay people, women and hurricane victims.

Protesters who had thronged the streets near the governor’s mansion since the afternoon erupted into cheers as the news broke, shooting fireworks and waving Puerto Rican flags.

“I announce that I will be resigning from the governor’s post effective Friday, August 2 at 5 pm,” Rossello said, in a video statement posted on the government’s Facebook page.

The rallies started on July 13, when the Center for Investigative Journalism released 889 pages of text chats on the encrypted messaging app Telegram, in which Rossello and 11 other male administration members criticized officials, politicians and journalists.

“I trust that Puerto Rico will continue united and move forward as it always has,” Rossello said. “And I hope that this decision will serve as a call for reconciliation of citizens.”

Rossello said he made the decision taking into account the complaints against him and after discussion with his family.

Puerto Ricans had gathered at the gates of the governor’s mansion, known as La Fortaleza, in San Juan, ahead of the rumored announcement.

“Everyone feels betrayed by him,” celebrity musician Rene Perez (“Residente”) told Spanish-language news channel Telemundo at the protest, shortly before the governor’s announcement.

He later tweeted his delight at Rossello’s resignation, saying the country had “discovered that what unites us is the heart.”

Playwright Lin-Manuel Miranda, creator of the hit musical “Hamilton” and whose family are from Puerto Rico, also praised the protesters on Twitter.

Other local celebrities, including pop star Ricky Martin and trap musician Benito Martinez (“Bad Bunny”), have also been leading support for the protests.

Forty-year-old Rossello said that Justice Secretary Wanda Vazquez would temporarily succeed him.